Improving Social Justice through Comprehensive Psychological Counselling and Guidance Services
Recently everyone is talking about the changes of the policies and procedures in the Psychological Counselling and Guidance. Particularly, educators are claiming that the new policies in PDR will negatively impact the quality of student counseling and guidance services.
When I ask why Psychological Counselling and Guidance is important, many educators, even counselors fail to articulate why we need high quality PDR system.
We all need to be a well aware of the fact that in the 21st century, offering an evidence based and comprehensive Psychological Counselling and Guidance services is a SOCIAL JUSTICE issue.
Social justice focuses on providing a more equitable distribution of power, opportunity, services and resources for all students. It means that all student deserve to receive a systemic counseling services from professional experts. Therefore, offering high quality PDR model can be considered as a social justice issue and if we fail to provide an effective PDR system in our K-12 schools, it will negatively impact our students’ academic, personal-social-emotional, and career development.
If you ask me what kinds of PDR services, we should provide to promote and advance social justice in our K-12 schools, I recommend all school leaders, policy makers and counselors to implement a comprehensive school counseling framework. Besides a strong foundation, management and accountability system, this PDR framework includes comprehensive delivery system with 30 research supported, academic and counseling services. This framework encourages counselors act as a student advocate to enhance social justice by focusing on improving all urban students’ academic, social-emotional, and career development (See Table 1).
Table 1. School Counseling Program Framework for Advancing Social Justice in K-12 Schools
Social-Emotional Development Programs
Academic Development Programs
College Readiness and Career Development Programs
If a school cannot achieve to provide its students with effective and comprehensive PDR services, this can be considered as the violation of social justice and student rights. In other words, offering poor PDR services with not qualified staff can be considered as putting our next generation at a substantial risk of preparing unproductive, disinterested and unhappy individuals with lack of career skills as well as with limited social and emotional intelligent.
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Dr. Olcay Yavuz
Assistant Professor & Program Coordinator
Educational Leadership & Policy Studies Department
Southern Connecticut State University, America
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